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Japan's Comprehensive Legal Support Services for Foreign Workers Explained

Legal Support Services for Foreigne Workers in Japan


As Japan faces a serious labor shortage due to its aging population and low birth rate, the number of foreign workers in the country is increasing year by year. Many foreign workers are already contributing significantly across various industries. However, due to language barriers, cultural differences, and unfamiliarity with Japan's legal system, foreign workers often encounter legal issues and challenges. This article provides detailed information on the legal support services available to foreign workers in Japan. We will discuss examples of legal problems foreign workers may face and the current legal support services in place to assist them.

Here's how to navigate legal challenges in Japan as a foreign worker. In general, most large Japanese companies have clear labor contracts and working conditions, so legal troubles are relatively rare. Nevertheless, understanding these potential issues and their solutions in advance can help you navigate and resolve any situations that may arise more effectively.

*Please note that this article is based solely on information derived from public data, and our company cannot assume any legal responsibility for events arising from this article. For legal advice, please contact a law firm or administrative scrivener's office.

The Need for Legal Support Services for Foreigne Workers in Japan

Legal Issues Faced by Foreign Workers

Foreign workers in Japan often encounter various legal challenges. Some of the most common issues reported in the past include:

  • Inadequate Labor Contracts: Many foreign workers face issues with improperly drafted labor contracts or difficulty understanding the terms. This can lead to unfair working conditions or unpaid wages.

  • Work Visa Application and Renewal: The process of applying for or renewing a visa is complex. Failure to navigate this process correctly can result in overstaying and legal complications. Additionally, each visa type has specific work restrictions, and violations can lead to visa cancellation or deportation.

  • Work Environment Issues: Long working hours, overwork, sexual harassment, and power harassment are commonly reported problems in the workplace. Proper legal knowledge and support are essential to address these issues effectively.

  • Dismissal and Employment Disputes: Sudden dismissals or unfair changes to employment conditions are not uncommon. Legal support is necessary to handle these disputes and ensure fair treatment.

Language barriers and a lack of understanding of Japanese labor laws often exacerbate these issues, making it even more crucial for foreign workers to have access to reliable legal support services.

Benefits and Necessity of Legal Support

Foreign workers in Japan face various legal challenges, making legal support crucial. The benefits of receiving legal support are numerous and include the following:

  • Protection of Rights: Legal support helps foreign workers protect their rights. It ensures the proper formation of labor contracts and rectifies unfair working conditions.

  • Prevention and Resolution of Issues: By receiving legal advice from experts, foreign workers can prevent potential problems and resolve existing ones more effectively. This is particularly important for issues related to visas and labor contracts, where proactive support is critical.

  • Psychological Comfort: Legal support provides foreign workers with peace of mind. Knowing that experts are available to help resolve their issues offers significant reassurance.

  • Improved Legal Knowledge: Through legal support, foreign workers can enhance their understanding of Japanese labor laws and visa regulations, empowering them to navigate their work environment more confidently and effectively.

Specific Legal Support Services

Work Visa Application and Renewal:

For foreign workers in Japan, obtaining and maintaining a work visa is essential, involving numerous procedures. Legal support services help streamline these processes.

  • Application Support: Understanding the visa application process for foreign workers in Japan is essential. This includes assistance with preparing necessary documents, guidance on filling out forms, and checking the application for completeness. Experts support the entire application process, ensuring no details are overlooked.

  • Renewal Support: As the expiration date of a work visa approaches, legal support services help with the renewal process. They assist with timely applications and preparation of the required documents.

Improvement of Working Conditions and Consultation:

Issues related to working conditions are a major challenge for foreign workers. Legal support services help protect workers' rights by addressing and improving these conditions.

  • Labor Contract Review: Legal experts review labor contracts to ensure there are no unfair clauses. They propose necessary amendments to help workers secure fair contracts.

  • Consultation on Working Conditions: Legal services offer consultations on issues such as unpaid wages, long working hours, and harassment (both power and sexual harassment). They provide appropriate solutions to these problems.

These specific legal support services aim to protect foreign workers' rights, prevent and resolve issues efficiently, and ensure a safe and fair working environment in Japan.

Addressing Dismissal and Employment Disputes:

Dismissal and employment disputes are significant concerns for foreign workers. Legal support services provide concrete assistance to tackle these issues effectively.Resolving employment disputes in Japan involves the following:

  • Consultation on Dismissal: In cases of unfair dismissal, legal experts review the reasons and legal basis for the termination. They support negotiations with the employer and, if necessary, assist with legal actions.

  • Resolution of Employment Disputes: For issues such as changes in working conditions or unpaid wages, specialists propose specific solutions to resolve the problems quickly. Their goal is to achieve a swift and fair resolution.

Legal support services in Japan offer comprehensive assistance for the various challenges foreign workers face. By utilizing these services, workers can protect their rights and create a secure and supportive work environment.

Legal Support Services Provided by Organizations in Japan

Government Support Services

The Japanese government offers various legal services to support foreign workers, ensuring they have a suitable working environment and can smoothly integrate into life in Japan.

The Immigration Services Agency has established a consultation desk for foreign workers as part of its legal support services. Here, workers can get advice on visa applications and renewals, changes in residency status, and more. They also provide information on legal issues and offer advice for resolving problems.

Services Provided:

  • Support for visa applications and renewals

  • Consultation on legal issues

  • Information on Japan's legal system

Each prefectural labor bureau has a consultation desk for foreign workers to address issues related to working conditions and labor contracts. This service helps protect workers' rights under the Labor Standards Act and supports the resolution of workplace disputes.

Services Provided:

  • Review and advice on labor contracts

  • Consultation on improving working conditions

  • Resolution of disputes related to dismissal and unpaid wages

Non-Profit Organizations' Support Services

In addition to government agencies, numerous non-profit organizations are actively working to support foreign workers. These organizations offer a wide range of services, including legal support and assistance with daily life.


Many NPOs and NGOs provide legal consultation services to foreign workers, often free or at a low cost. They offer specialized advice and support for specific issues faced by foreign workers.

Government and NGO support for foreign workers in Japan includes:

  • Legal consultation and support for resolving issues

  • Advice on improving working conditions

  • Assistance with work visa applications

Volunteer Support:

Numerous lawyers and legal professionals volunteer their time to support foreign workers. This provides access to expert advice and strong support to protect workers' rights.

Services Provided:

  • Free legal consultation sessions

  • Assistance with drafting legal documents

  • Mediation and resolution of labor disputes

Examples of Organizations:

The legal support services in Japan are provided by a wide range of institutions and organizations, playing a crucial role in ensuring that foreign workers can work in a secure and supportive environment. By utilizing these services, foreign workers can protect their rights and achieve better working conditions.


Legal support for foreign workers in Japan is crucial to ensuring a safe and stable working environment, especially for international students and workers. These individuals often face numerous challenges, including language and cultural differences and unstable working conditions. Legal support services are essential in addressing these issues.

In Japan, various entities provide comprehensive support to foreign workers, including government agencies like the Ministry of Justice, the Immigration Services Agency, and labor bureaus. Additionally, numerous non-profit organizations (NPOs and NGOs), as well as volunteer lawyers and legal experts, collaborate to offer extensive support. These services cover visa applications and renewals, improvement of working conditions, review of labor contracts, and resolution of dismissal and employment disputes.

Jelper Club continues to offer articles that explain the potential issues foreign workers may encounter in Japan and how to address them. If you have any questions or concerns about living in Japan, feel free to ask on Feed.

At Jelper Club, we're here to support you every step of the way for your career development in Japan. Our platform connects ambitious students from top universities worldwide with exclusive internship and full-time job opportunities in Japan with a variety of Japanese proficiency requirements. We also provide access to practical information, member-only events, and a professional community of like-minded individuals.


If you're ready to embark on your own Japanese adventure, visit Jelper Club today and discover how we can help you unlock your potential in Japan.

(Editor: Jelper Club Editorial Team)

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